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Also called vitamin C E301 E301 noun sodium L-ascorbate treatment viral conjunctivitis discount apixaban online american express, the sodium salt of ascorbic acid medications that cause tinnitus generic 2.5 mg apixaban with visa, used in the same way as E300 E302 E302 noun calcium L-ascorbate treatment 4 ulcer apixaban 2.5 mg lowest price, the calcium salt of L-ascorbic acid symptoms ruptured ovarian cyst order apixaban 5mg online, used in the same way as E300 E304 E304 noun 6-o-palmitoyl L-ascorbic acid, an oil soluble ester of ascorbic acid, used in the same way as E300, especially in Scotch eggs E306 E306 noun any extract of a natural substance that is rich in tocopherols. Also called Epsom salts E524 noun sodium hydroxide, a very strong base used for adjusting acidity in cocoa, jams E510 E513 E514 E515 E516 E518 E524 and sweets E525 E525 noun potassium hydroxide, a very strong base used for adjusting acidity in sweets E526 noun calcium hydroxide, a weak base used as a firming agent in sweets E527 noun ammonium hydroxide, a weak base used as a diluent and solvent for food E526 E527 colours and as an acidity regulator for cocoa 83 E528 E529 E900 E528 noun magnesium hydroxide, a weak base used for regulating acidity in sweets E529 noun calcium oxide, a weak base used for regulating acidity in sweets E530 noun magnesium oxide, a fine white powder used as an anticaking agent in cocoa E530 products E535 E535 noun sodium ferrocyanide, used as an anticaking agent in salt and used in winemaking E536 noun potassium ferrocyanide, used as an anticaking agent in salt and used in wineE536 making E540 noun dicalcium diphosphate, a calcium salt of phosphoric acid, used as a buffer and neutralising agent in cheese E541 noun sodium aluminium phosphate, used as an acid and raising agent in cake mixes, self-raising flour and biscuits E542 E541 E540 E542 noun edible bone phosphate, a fine powder made from boiled dried and ground bones, used as an anticaking agent E544 E544 noun calcium polyphosphate, used as an emulsifier in processed cheese E545 noun ammonium polyphosphate, used as an emulsifier, a texturiser and to help retain E545 water in frozen chickens E551 E551 noun silicon dioxide, very finely powdered purified sand, used as an anticaking agent in skimmed milk powder and sweeteners E552 E552 noun calcium silicate, used as an anticaking agent in icing sugar and as a release agent in sweets E553 E553(a) noun magnesium silicate and magnesium trisilicate, used as anticaking agents and in sugar confectionery E554 E554 noun aluminium sodium silicate, used as an anticaking agent E556 noun aluminium calcium silicate, used as an anticaking agent E558 noun bentonite, a very fine white clay-like mineral used as an anticaking agent E559 noun same as kaolin E572 noun magnesium stearate, a type of soap used as an emulsifier and release agent E575 noun d-glucono-1,5-lactone, an acid and sequestering agent used in cake mixes and E556 E558 E559 E572 E575 continental-style sausages. Also called oxyuriasis enterocolitis enterocolitis noun inflammation of the small and large intestine enterodynia noun pain in the intestine enterohaemorrhagic E coli noun a type of toxic bacteria that causes gastrointestinal enterodynia enterohaemorrhagic E coli infection with blood in the bowel movements, found in the gut of cattle. Abbreviation E coli esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy noun a diagnostic medical procedure in which an endoscope is passed through the alimentary canal to the stomach and into the small intestine espresso esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy espresso noun 1. Also called ethyl alcohol ethanolamine ethanolamine noun a base used as a softening and peeling agent ethical adjective 1. Compare condense evaporated milk evaporated milk noun milk that has been thickened by removing some of the water by evaporation evening primrose oil evening primrose oil noun a supplement that is rich is gamma linolenic acid, taken to relieve menstrual symptoms event catering event catering noun catering provided for large events such as weddings and conferences eviscerate eviscerate verb to remove the internal organs from a carcass evodiamine noun a thermogenic stimulant used by athletes ewe noun an adult female sheep exchange list noun a table showing foods that are equivalent to each other in calorie or evodiamine ewe exchange list fat content or nutritional value, used by dieters exclusion diet exclusion diet 92 exclusion diet noun a diet that eliminates foods suspected of causing of food allergies or intolerance excrete excrete verb to pass waste matter out of the body, especially to discharge faeces excretion noun the act of passing waste matter. Also called regulo gastral gastral noun same as gastric gastralgia noun pain in the stomach gastric adjective relating to the stomach gastric band noun a band fitted around the stomach to reduce its capacity in gastric gastralgia gastric gastric band bypass surgery gastric bypass gastric bypass noun surgery to reduce the capacity of the stomach, used for treating morbid obesity gastric feeding tube gastric feeding tube noun a plastic tube used for administering long-term enteral nutrition, which enters the stomach via an opening in the abdomen created by a gastrostomy procedure gastric inhibitory peptide noun a hormone that stimulates insulin production, secreted by the duodenum. Also glucosinolate called glucos glucosuria glucosuria noun the presence of glucose in the urine, an indicator of diabetes glutamate noun a salt or ester of glutamic acid, especially its sodium salt (monosodium glutamate glutamate) glutamic acid glutamic acid noun an amino acid glutamine noun an amino acid glutathione noun a peptide consisting of glutamic acid, cysteine and glycine that is an glutamine glutathione important antioxidant glutathione reductase glutathione reductase noun an enzyme in red blood cells gluten noun a protein found in some cereals that makes the grains form a sticky paste when gluten water is added gluten-free gluten-free adjective used for describing foods that do not contain gluten glutenin noun a protein that is present in gluten, responsible for the elasticity of dough gluten-induced enteropathy noun same as coeliac disease glutton noun someone who habitually eats or drinks too much gluttonous adjective greedy, especially for food and drink gluttony noun the behaviour of someone who eats and drinks too much glycaemic effect noun the extent to which a food containing carbohydrate can raise glutenin gluten-induced enteropathy glutton gluttonous gluttony glycaemic effect blood sugar levels glycaemic index glycaemic index noun a points rating for different types of food, based on their glycaemic effect. Also called gravlax gravity feed slicer noun a type of slicer for cooked meat such as ham, where the meat is placed on a sloping tray and slides further down after each slice is cut gravlax gravity feed slicer gravlax noun same as gravadlax gravy noun the juices that come from meat during cooking, or a brown sauce made using gravy these that is served with meat gravy browning gravy browning noun a solution of dark caramel with salt, used for colouring gravy and sauces grease grease noun thick soft animal fat. Greek yoghurt green green beans Also called French beans, string beans greengage greengage noun a bitter green plum, used for cooking, making pies, jam, etc. Also called digestive gustation gut tract, alimentary canal, intestine Guthrie test Guthrie test noun a test for genetic diseases performed on infants, which measures amino acid levels in the blood. Compare non-haem iron haemo- prefix blood haemochromatosis noun an excess of iron in the body, which can cause tissue damage haematinic haematohaem iron haemohaemochromatosis and discoloration of the skin haemoglobin haemoglobin noun a red pigment in red blood cells that gives blood its red colour and carries oxygen to the tissues. Also called beefburger hamburger roll hamburger roll noun a soft round bread roll suitable for serving a hamburger in ham slice noun a thin piece of ham for use in sandwiches hand sanitiser noun an antimicrobial liquid that can be used to disinfect the hands ham slice hand sanitiser without rinsing hand whisk hand whisk noun whisk hang verb to suspend meat or a recently killed game animal until the flesh begins to decomhang pose slightly and becomes more tender and highly flavoured hanging hanging noun the process of draining the blood from a slaughtered animal by hanging it by the hocks hangover hangover noun a condition occurring after a person has drunk too much alcohol, with dehydration causing symptoms including headache, nausea and trembling of the hands haram haram adjective used for describing foods forbidden by Islam. Compare halal hard adjective used for describing wheat that is hard to the bite hard-boiled adjective used for describing an egg that has been cooked in boiling water hard hard-boiled until the white and yolk are set hard cheese hard cheese noun cheese that has been pressed and so has a firm texture hard swell noun a can swell that is hard and cannot be forced back into shape by hand. Also called dogfish hyaluronic acid noun a substance which binds connective tissue hyaluronidase noun an enzyme that destroys hyaluronic acid hybrid noun an organism that is a result of a cross between individuals that are not genetihyaluronic acid hyaluronidase hybrid cally the same as each other н adjective used for describing a plant or animal that is the result of a cross between organisms that have different genotypes Hybu Cig Cymru Hybu Cig Cymru noun the red meat promotion board for Wales. E227 hydrogen sulphites hydrogen sulphide hydrogenation 125 hydrogen swell hyperinsulinaemia hydrogen swell noun a can swell caused by a reaction of acid fruits such as pineapple with the can, producing harmless hydrogen. Compare hypotension hyperthyroidism hyperthyroidism noun a condition in which the thyroid gland is too active and releases unusual amounts of thyroid hormones into the blood, giving rise to a rapid heartbeat, sweating and trembling. Abbreimmunodeficiency immunoglobulin E viation IgE immunomagnetic separation immunomagnetic separation noun a way of separating pathogens from food using magnetism impairment impairment noun a condition in which a sense or function is harmed so that it does not work properly import noun an article or type of goods brought into a country from abroad н verb to bring goods from abroad into a country for sale compare (all senses) export improver import improver noun an additive that improves the performance of foodstuffs when mixed with others impulse food impulse food noun convenience food impurity noun a substance that is not pure or clean inactivate verb to make bacteria unable to multiply inanition noun a state of exhaustion caused by starvation incise verb to cut deep slits in raw food. Also called phytoestrogen isoflavonoid isoflavonoid noun an organic compound belonging to a group that occurs in legumes, especially soya beans, and is converted by bacteria in the intestines into substances that act rather like oestrogen isolate isolate verb 1. Also called aboyeur kitchen foil kitchen foil noun same as aluminium foil kitchen scales noun a machine for weighing, used in the kitchen to weigh ingredients kitchenware noun frying pans, saucepans and other cooking or preparing containers, kitchen scales kitchenware used in a kitchen kiwi fruit kiwi fruit noun a brownish oval fruit with green juicy flesh, the fruit of a subtropical climbing plant. Also called citric acid cycle krill krill noun a tiny ocean crustacean resembling a shrimp that is the primary food of baleen whales and other animals that filter their food from seawater krill oil krill oil noun oil from krill that is rich in omega 3 essential fatty acids, taken as a food supplement kumquat noun a small oval orange fruit, related to citrus fruits, with sweet skin and tart flesh, eaten whole or preserved kuru noun a degenerative neurone disease believed to be caused by prions ingested from human tissue kwashiorkor kuru kumquat kwashiorkor noun malnutrition of small children, mostly in tropical countries, causing anaemia, wasting of the body and swollen liver L L. Lactococcus noun a bacterium that turns milk sour lactogen noun a substance that promotes the production of milk lactoglobulin noun any of a group of globular proteins that occur in milk lacto-ovo-vegetarian noun a person who does not eat animal flesh, poultry or fish but Lactobacillus Lactococcus lactogen lactoglobulin lacto-ovo-vegetarian does eat eggs and milk products. Also called chef gardemanger larder fridge larder fridge noun a fridge for keeping food in until needed larding noun the action of threading strips of fat into the surface of meat to prevent it drying larding out during cooking lardon lardon noun a strip of fat or fatty bacon threaded through lean meat to prevent it drying out and to add flavour during cooking lardoon lardoon noun a narrow strip of bacon fat used in larding large bowel noun large intestine large intestine noun the section of the digestive system from the caecum to the rectum lasagne noun a type of flat pasta, served cooked with meat or vegetable sauce in layers L-ascorbic acid noun vitamin C lassi noun a South Asian drink consisting of flavoured yoghurt or buttermilk diluted with large bowel large intestine lasagne L-ascorbic acid lassi water lateral abuse lateral abuse noun denting of a food tin caused by rough handling lathyrism noun nerve damage caused by a high intake of native pulses in Asia and lathyrism northern Africa latte latte noun 1. E160(d) lye-peeling lye-peeling noun the process of removing the skin from fruit and vegetables using a chemical solution of lye lymph lymph, lymph fluid noun a colourless liquid containing white blood cells that circulates in the lymph system from all body tissues, carrying waste matter away from tissues to the veins lyonnaise lyonnaise adjective used for describing potatoes that are cooked with onions lyophilisation noun the process of freeze-drying food lyophilise verb to freeze-dry food lysin noun 1. Also called corn maize protein noun the protein found in corn malabsorption noun a situation in which the intestines are unable to absorb the fluids maize protein malabsorption and nutrients in food properly malabsorption syndrome malabsorption syndrome noun a set of symptoms caused by not taking in enough of a particular nutrient malassimilation malassimilation noun the poor or inadequate incorporation of food constituents such as proteins and minerals into bones, muscles and other body structures maldigestion maldigestion noun poor digestion and absorption of a nutrient malic acid noun a colourless crystalline solid found in fruits, particularly apples malnourished adjective not having enough to eat or having only poor-quality food, and malic acid malnourished therefore ill malnutrition malnutrition noun 1. Also called creamed potatoes mask mask verb to coat the inside of a mould with savoury jelly maslin pan noun a heavy-duty metal pan for making jam mass production noun the process of manufacturing large quantities of identical prodmaslin pan mass production ucts mast cell mast cell noun a large cell in connective tissue that carries histamine and reacts to allergens mastic mastic noun a tree resin used in Turkish delight masticate verb to chew food mastication noun the act of chewing food maturation noun the process of becoming mature or fully developed mature adjective old enough to have acquired the maximum flavour masticate mastication maturation mature 151 matzo matzo meal meat extract matzo noun a large thin piece of very dry unleavened Jewish bread eaten during Passover matzo meal noun finely powdered matzos often used as a flour substitute in Jewish cooking and as the equivalent of dried breadcrumbs maximum residue level maximum residue level noun the maximum amount of a pesticide that can remain in crops or foodstuffs under European Union regulations. Also called meat replacement meat analogue meat analogue noun a vegetarian food product that tries to simulate the flavour and texture of meat, made from vegetable proteins Meat and Livestock Commission Meat and Livestock Commission noun an organisation that provides services to livestock breeders, including the evaluation of breeding stock potential and carcass grading and classification. Compare macronutrient microorganism microorganism noun a microscopic form of life. Also called E622 monosaccharide monosaccharide noun a simple sugar of the type that includes glucose, fructose and galactose monosodium glutamate noun a substance added to processed food to enhance the flavour, but causing a reaction in hypersensitive people. Also called mucosa mucus noun a slippery liquid secreted by mucous membranes inside the body in order to protect them muesli mucus muesli noun a breakfast food of grains and dried fruit, eaten with milk muffin noun 1. Also called nerve cell neuropeptide Y neuron neuropeptide Y noun a neurotransmitter that has a role in controlling feeding behaviour and appetite neurotoxicity neurotoxicity noun the extent to which a substance damages, destroys or impairs the functioning of nerve tissue neurotoxin neurotoxin noun a substance that damages, destroys or impairs the functioning of nerve tissue neurotransmitter neurotransmitter noun a chemical substance which transmits nerve impulses from one neuron to another neurotrophic neurotrophic adjective relating to the nutrition and maintenance of tissue of the nervous system neutral neutral adjective neither acid nor alkali neutral fat noun fat with no excess fatty acid newborn adjective born recently н noun a recently born baby new potatoes plural noun small potatoes picked at the beginning of the season new product development noun the process of developing completely new products neutral fat newborn new potatoes new product development or improving existing ones.

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A patient may be comatose when serum sodium increases up to 170 mmol/L rapidly; but remains conscious if it occurs gradually symptoms bone cancer 2.5 mg apixaban with mastercard, even if serum sodium increases up to 190 mmol/L art of medicine purchase apixaban 2.5 mg fast delivery. A sudden reduction of effective osmolality may cause brain cells to swell leading to headache medications not to mix discount 2.5 mg apixaban otc, vomiting and medullary herniation medicine while pregnant purchase 5mg apixaban visa. Different types of abnormalities due to disturbances in fluid and electrolyte balance are given below: 1. The most common cause is loss of gastrointestinal fluid, due to: Chapter 30; Electrolyte and Water Balance 359 a. Small intestinal obstruction and paralytic ileus where fluid accumulates in the lumen c. Since equivalent amounts of sodium and water are lost, the plasma sodium is often normal. Hypovolemia will reduce renal blood flow and may cause renal circulatory insufficiency, oliguria and uremia. Therefore, in postoperative cases, care should be taken to adequately replace sodium by giving sufficient quantity of normal saline. The commonest cause is diarrhea, where the fluid lost has only half of the sodium concentration of the plasma. But the volume depletion will reduce renal blood flow and stimulates aldosterone secretion leading to further sodium retention and aggravating hypertension. The increase in osmolality will stimulate thirst and increase in the water intake. Isotonic Expansion Water and sodium retention is often manifested as edema and occurs secondary to hypertension or cardiac failure. This often results from hypoalbuminemia (edema in nephrotic syndrome, protein malnutrition, etc. The intravascular volume cannot be restored since the low colloid osmotic pressure tends to drive the fluid out into the extravascular space, aggravating the edema. Hypotonic Expansion Predominant water excess results only when the normal homeostatic mechanisms fail. Extracellular hypertonicity may lead to brain cell dehydration, leading to coma and death. Sodium (as sodium bicarbonate) is also important in the regulation of acid-base balance (Chapter 29). However, body can conserve sodium to such an extent that on a sodium-free diet urine does not contain sodium. Ideally dietary sodium intake should be lower than potassium, but processed foods have increased sodium intake. When urine is formed, original glomerular filtrate (175 liters per day) contains sodium 800 gm/day, out of which 99% is reabsorbed. Different mechanisms are: (a) Sodium hydrogen exchanger located in the proximal convoluted 360 Textbook of Biochemistry; Section C: Clinical and Applied Biochemistry Box 30. In dehydration, when water is predominantly lost, blood volume is decreased with apparent increased concentration of sodium. Drugs: Ampicillin Tetracycline Anabolic steroids Oral contraceptives Loop diuretics 1. Osmotic diuretics tubules and ascending limb; (b) Sodium chloride cotransporter in the distal tubules (ascending limb); (c) Sodium channels in the collecting duct; and (d) Sodium potassium exchanger in the distal tubule. The rate of sodium excretion is directly affected by the rate of filtration of sodium which is decided by the renal plasma flow and blood pressure (acting through atrial natriuretic peptide). Sodium restriction in diet is, therefore, advised in congestive cardiac failure and in hypertension. In the early phases of congestive cardiac failure, hydrostatic pressure on venous side is increased; so water is primarily retained in the body. This causes dilution of sodium concentration, which triggers aldosterone secretion. This vicious cycle is broken when aldosterone antagonists are administered as drugs.

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Observe the needle insertion site for bleeding medications dispensed in original container buy generic apixaban canada, inflammation symptoms uti in women apixaban 5 mg discount, or hematoma formation medications ms treatment 2.5mg apixaban for sale. It provides unique cross-sectional anatomic information and is unsurpassed in evaluating lesions containing fat or calcium medications 1 gram cheap apixaban 2.5mg mastercard. Differences in tissue density are detected and recorded, and are viewable as computerized digital images. Slices or thin sections of certain anatomic views of the kidneys and associated vascular system are reviewed to allow differentiation of solid, cystic, inflammatory, or vascular lesions, as well as identification of suspected hematomas and aneurysms. Inform the patient that he or she may experience nausea, a feeling of warmth, a salty or metallic taste, or a transient headache after injection of contrast medium. Instruct the patient to apply cold compresses to the insertion site as needed, to reduce discomfort or edema. During the procedure the patient lies on a table and is moved in and out of a doughnut-like device called a gantry, which houses the x-ray tube and associated elecAccess additional resources at davisplus. Slices or thin sections of certain anatomic views of the spine and associated vascular system are reviewed to allow differentiations of solid, cystic, inflammatory, or vascular lesions, as well as identification of suspected hematomas and aneurysms. The procedure may be repeated after intravenous injection of iodinated contrast medium for vascular evaluation. Sensitivity to social and cultural issues, as well as concern for modesty, is important Access additional resources at davisplus. Instruct the patient to inhale deeply and hold his or her breath while the x-ray images are taken, and then to exhale after the images are taken. Refer to the Musculoskeletal System table at the back of the book for related tests by body system. However, a wide variety of splenic variations and abnormalities may be detected on abdominal scans designed to evaluate the liver, pancreas, or retroperitoneum. Slices or thin sections of certain anatomic views of the spleen and associated vascular system are reviewed to allow differentiation of solid, cystic, inflammatory, or vascular lesions, as well as identification of suspected hematomas and aneurysms. If contrast medium is scheduled to be used, patients receiving metformin (Glucophage) for non­insulindependent (type 2) diabetes should discontinue the drug on the day of the test and continue to withhold it for 48 hr after the test. Refer to the Gastrointestinal, Hepatobiliary, and Genitourinary System tables at the back of the book for related tests by body system. It is a noninvasive procedure used to enhance certain anatomic views of the lungs, heart, and mediastinal structures. During the procedure, the patient lies on a table and is moved in and out of a doughnut-like device called a gantry, which houses the x-ray tube and associated electronics. The scanner uses multiple x-ray beams and a series of detectors that rotate around the patient to produce cross-sectional views in a three-dimensional fashion. Slices or thin sections of certain anatomic views of the spine, spinal cord, and lung areas are reviewed to allow differentiations of solid, cystic, inflammatory, or vascular lesions. If the patient has a history of allergic reactions to any substance or drug, administer ordered prophylactic steroids or antihistamines before the Access additional resources at davisplus. Instruct the patient to increase fluid intake to help eliminate the contrast medium, if used. Refer to the Respiratory System table at the back of the book for related tests by body system. Inform the patient that the test is used to detect associated conditions or drug therapies that can result in cell hemolysis. If a cord sample is to be taken from a newborn, inform parents that the sample will be obtained at the time of delivery and will not result in blood loss to the infant. Cord specimens are obtained by inserting a needle attached to a syringe into the umbilical vein. The specimen is drawn into the syringe and gently expressed into the appropriate collection container. Inform the postpartum patient of the implications of positive test results in cord blood. Refer to the Hematopoietic System table at the end of the book for related tests by body system. The first use of this test was for the detection and identification of anti-D using an indirect method. Inform the patient that the test is used to check donor and recipient blood cells for antibodies prior to blood transfusion. Inform pregnant women that negative tests during the first 12 wk of gestation should be repeated at 28 wk to rule out the presence of an antibody.

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Rather medicine 6 clinic generic 5mg apixaban mastercard, the specification patently demonstrates that the claimed color concentrate medicine recall buy 5mg apixaban overnight delivery, a blend of pigment and carrier polymer medicine pills purchase 5 mg apixaban free shipping, is directed to the use of color concentrates as that term had been used before in the art brazilian keratin treatment generic apixaban 2.5 mg without a prescription, i. This argument, that Burlone Claim 5 covers the final colored blend that is spun directly into fiber, is essentially an attempt to argue that the claimed color concentrate covers the "thermoplastic polymeric material to be colored" of subpart (A)(4) and part (B) of Claim 1. Such an argument is completely inconsistent with the patent specification, which repeatedly distinguishes between the "color concentrate" and the uncolored nylon, or polymer to be colored. The specification makes clear that the claimed "color concentrate" is a substance that is separate from the thermoplastic polymeric material to be colored. At the "first blend" stage, the color concentrate is composed of catdye polymer and 25-35% pigment; at the "second blend" stage, the initial color concentrate is "diluted" with uncolored nylon to the level of 1% pigment. Cohen testified that "these colored products, or these final colored materials, are excluded [from the scope of the claims of the Burlone patent]. In support of his assertion that the final colored products are not included within the scope of the Burlone color concentrate, Dr. Cohen discussed an entry in the 1968 Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology wherein "very clear distinctions" are made among carrier polymers, host polymers to be colored, and final colored products. Harris conceded that in part (B) of Claim 1, the (A) polymer and the thermoplastic material to be colored are two different materials. Notwithstanding the "1 to 70 percent pigment" language, all of the examples contained in the patent teach the addition of "one part of the solid color concentrate" to anywhere from 21 to 39 parts of an uncolored material. As discussed supra, subpart (A)(4) and part (B) of Claim 1 expressly define the claimed invention in terms of its properties in reference to the "thermoplastic material to be colored" of the preamble. Instead, the Court concludes that the specification of the Burlone patent supports a construction of the preamble as a limitation on the patent claims. Like the specification, the prosecution history of the Burlone patent reveals that Dr. Burlone repeatedly distinguished his color concentrate from the host polymer to be colored. Accordingly, when introduced into the host polymer to be colored, polymeric component A of the instant color concentrate dissolves or disperses in the host polymer leaving the coloring component B in a state identical to that in which it would be found if it were dispersed directly into the host polymer. The final product, which is a colored resin containing 1-2% coloring agent, cannot be employed as a coloring agent such as that of the instant claims, wherein up to 70% of coloring agent is present for the purpose of combination with a virgin thermoplastic to produce a colored final product. In fact, if the pigments of Kazeras are to be used to color plastics, a method must be found for dispersing them in the host polymer. That the colored resins of Industrial Colours are not meant to be color concentrates for thermoplastic polymeric materials is clear from an observance of the colorant level of the resin, which at 5% is too low to be useful in the coloration of a host polymer. Moreover, the resins specified by Industrial Colours could not be melted with a thermoplastic material to be colored without substantial degradation or reaction and without any visible separation therefrom on a microscopic scale. The prosecution history of the Burlone patent, like the specification, demonstrates that the claimed invention is limited to a color concentrate for coloring thermoplastic polymeric materials. Harris, wherein he testified that the abovequoted excerpts from the Burlone prosecution history are taken out of context. While Defendants Rubber Mulch and Rubber Resources maintain that such colorant cannot have a binding agent, inherent in the coloring process is the fact that the colorant adheres to the rubber to form a coating. According to one authoritative chemical dictionary, the term "colorant" is described as a "substance that imparts color to another material or mixture. Colorants are either dyes or pigments and may be (1) naturally present in a material. As can be seen, this definition does not appear to limit the term to color additives, but instead is sufficiently broad to allow for inclusion of pigmented or dyed materials already included within the formulation. To be sure, there is some facial appeal to the argument that use of the phrase "further includes" in the relevant claims suggests that the addition of a separate colorant as an ingredient was envisioned by the inventors. This proffered interpretation, however, is belied by the illustrations given in the patent. Thus, claim 36 defines a cough and cold medication comprising two ingredients-ibuprofen and pseudoephedrine-in "combinatory immixture. The trial court reviewed the claims, the written description, and the prosecution history, and concluded that the phrase "combinatory immixture" required "the two ingredients in a single form such as a tablet or elixir.